IRMlogo  RespecttheRotation  RespecttheRefuge

Before opening a bag of seed, be sure to read, understand and accept the stewardship requirements, including applicable refuge requirements for insect resistance management, for the biotechnology traits expressed in the seed set forth in the technology agreement that you sign. By opening and using a bag of seed, you are reaffirming your obligation to comply with the most recent stewardship requirements.

Respect the Rotation™ is an initiative to elevate the importance and farmer adoption of herbicide diversity to prevent or manage weed resistance. Glyphosate weed resistance is a dominating threat throughout the U.S. that affects land values, rental agreements, conservation tillage and can greatly reduce yields. Use of Integrated Weed Management practices, such as use of residuals, pre-emergence herbicides and rotation of crops, traits and herbicides, is critical as no one method is likely to be completely successful. Important: Always read and follow label instructions. Some products may not be registered for sale or use in all states or counties. Please check with your local extension service to ensure registration status.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires a refuge on every farm that plants insect-protected corn hybrids. Failure to plant the appropriate refuge jeopardizes your continued access to DAS, Monsanto and Syngenta technology.

Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through Stewardship® (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of Biotechnology-Derived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. This product has been approved for import into key export markets with functioning regulatory systems. Any crop or material produced from this product can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for this product. Excellence Through Stewardship® is a registered trademark of Excellence Through Stewardship®.

B.t. products may not yet be registered in all states. Check with your representative for the registration status in your state.

IMPORTANT IRM INFORMATION: RIB Complete® corn blend products do not require the planting of a structured refuge except in the Cotton-Growing Area where corn earworm is a significant pest. SmartStax® RIB Complete® corn blend is not allowed to be sold for planting in the Cotton-Growing Area. See the IRM/Grower Guide for additional information. Always read and follow IRM requirements.

DroughtGard® Hybrids with RIB Complete® corn blend the refuge seed may not always contain DroughtGard® Hybrids trait.

ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready technology contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, an active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides. Agricultural herbicides containing glyphosate will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate.

Performance may vary from location to location and from year to year, as local growing, soil and weather conditions may vary. Growers should evaluate data from multiple locations and years whenever possible and should consider the impacts of these conditions on the grower’s fields.

Acceleron®, DroughtGard®, RIB Complete®, Roundup Ready 2 Technology and Design®, Roundup Ready®, Roundup®, SmartStax®, Trecepta®, Trecepta® RIB Complete®, and VT Double PRO® are trademarks of Bayer Group. Respect the Refuge and Corn Design® and Respect the Refuge® are registered trademarks of National Corn Growers Association. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Agrisure®, Agrisure Artesian®, Artesian™, Agrisure Duracade®, Agrisure Viptera® and E-Z Refuge® are trademarks of a Syngenta Group Company. For more information, visit

LibertyLink® Corn
With LibertyLink® you get high-performing genetics coupled with excellent performance on tough-to-control weeds for real yields that deliver. High-performing corn hybrids with the LibertyLink trait allow growers to spray powerful Liberty® herbicide in-crop for nonselective postemergence control of even the toughest weeds, including Palmer amaranth, giant ragweed, kochia, waterhemp and marestail.

Seed products with the LibertyLink® (LL) trait are resistant to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium, an alternative to glyphosate in corn, and combine high-yielding genetics with the powerful, nonselective, postemergent weed control of Liberty® herbicide for optimum yield and excellent weed control. LibertyLink®, Liberty® and the Water Droplet logo are registered trademarks of BASF Corporation.

Caution: Do not spray E-Z Refuge®, Agrisure Viptera 3220A E-Z Refuge and Agrisure GTA products with Liberty® Brand Herbicide. Important: Always read and follow label and bag tag instructions; only those labeled as tolerant to glufosinate may be sprayed with glufosinate ammonium based herbicides. Agrisure® Technology incorporated into these seeds is commercialized under license from Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Herculex® Technology incorporated into these seeds is commercialized under license from Dow AgroSciences LLC. HERCULEX® and the HERCULEX Shield are trademarks of Dow AgroSciences LLC.

Always read and follow label instructions. Bayer, the Bayer Cross, Liberty, LibertyLink and the Water Droplet Design are registered trademarks of Bayer. Liberty is not registered in all states.

Roundup Ready 2 Technology    Herculex I Insect Protection

More information about Agrisure Duracade® is available at

Enlist Herbicide for Enlist E3 Soybeans

Properly managing trait technology is key to preserving it as a long term crop protection tool. Growers who fail to comply with IRM requirements risk losing access to this product. To help preserve the effectiveness of B.t. corn technologies, growers planting B.t. corn technologies are required to follow an IRM Plan. Consult the Corn Product Use Guide for appropriate refuge configuration options. Before opening a bag of seed, be sure to read, understand and accept the stewardship requirements, including applicable refuge requirements for insect resistance management, for the biotechnology traits expressed in the seed as set forth in the Technology Use Agreement and Product Use Guide. By opening and using a bag of seed, you are reaffirming your obligation to comply with the most recent stewardship requirements. For complete details on IRM requirements for hybrids with Bt technology, including refuge examples and important information on the use of insecticides on refuge and Bt corn acres, please consult appropriate Product Use Guide. Go to Resources/trait-stewardship.html to download the latest Corteva Agriscience® Corn Product Use Guide.

Corn Traits 101

In order to help fit the needs of farmers across the country, Kussmaul Seeds offers a wide variety of hybrids with many different, yet significant traits.Traits such as herbicide tolerance and Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) proteins protect corn from herbicide applications and insect damage in order to help to maximize yields.With so many traits available, farmers must be aware of the traits they are planting in their fields every year and we understand this may not be an easy task.

Herbicide Tolerance

Kussmaul hybrids may be purchased with tolerances to glyphosate, glufosinate ammonium, or both. Glyphosate is the active ingredient in Roundup, as well as many other herbicides. Glufosinate is the active ingredient in LibertyLink brand herbicides. Glyphosate tolerant hybrids are labeled as RR or GT in the Kussmaul Lineup. Hybrids from the Monsanto pipeline are labeled as RR and hybrids from the Syngenta lineup are labeled as GT. Glufosinate (LibertyLink®) tolerant hybrids are labeled as LL in the Kussmaul lineup.


Two modes of action are used against above ground pests like corn earworm, European and Southwestern corn borers, and fall armyworm.

Two mode of action against above ground pests like corn earworm, European and Southwestern corn borers, fall armyworm, black cutworm, stalk borer, and western bean cutworm. An additional two modes of action against below ground pests like corn rootworm larvae.

One above ground mode of action that controls black cutworm, corn borer, fall armyworm, and western bean cutworm; as well as suppressing earworm and stalk borer.

European corn borer control and tolerance to glufosinate herbicide.

Agrisure-GT-CB-LL_Stacked  liberty-link-logo
Corn borer control with glyphosate and glufosinate tolerance.

Agrisure3000GT_Brandmark  liberty-link-logo
Hybrids with the Agrisure® 3000GT trait stack offer control of corn borer and corn rootworm with tolerance to both glyphosate and glufosinate herbicides.

agrisure-artesian  liberty-link-logo
The Agrisure Artesian® 3011A trait stack brings together the elite class of high-performing Artesian™ hybrids, which maximize yield when it rains and increase yield when it doesn’t, and the Agrisure® 3000GT trait stack, which offers herbicide flexibility with both glyphosate and glufosinate tolerance, as well as protection from corn borer and corn rootworm.

Agrisure-Viptera-3111_Stacked-300x147 liberty-link-logo
The Agrisure Viptera® 3111 trait stack controls above- and below-ground insects for increased yield potential and higher quality grain.

agrisure-300x66 Herculex-1_Shield
The Agrisure Duracade® 5122 E-Z Refuge® trait stack combines dual modes of action against corn rootworm and corn borer with ear-feeding insect control.This trait stack features the Agrisure Duracade trait, a unique mode of action for effective corn rootworm control, and is sold as a single-bag refuge product for the utmost convenience.

Keep in mind that hybrids are available with more than one trait to protect them.When traits are crossed, it provides a plant with additional Bt proteins for optimal protection. Some trait crosses may result in the same single mode of action since the original traits shared the same Bt proteins, while other crosses may result in dual modes of action since the two original traits each brought in different Bt proteins. Be sure to contact your local salesman or dealer for any questions regarding any of the above information.