Agronomic information that you can use on your farm.
Use the following links to jump to the correct section of agronomic information.
Corn Agronomics: Diseases, weeds, insects, best management practices, yield and other topics about field corn.
Silage Agronomics: Diseases, weeds, insects, best management practices, yield and other topics about silage corn.
Soybean Agronomics: Diseases, weeds, insects, best management practices, yield and other topics about soybeans.
Alfalfa: Diseases, weeds, insect, best management practices, yield and other topics about alfalfa.
Forage Agronomics: Diseases, weeds, insects, best management practices, yield and other topics about forages.
Small Grain: Diseases, weeds, insects, best management practices, yield and other topics about oats and other small grains.
3 Ways to Protect Your Organic Corn Acres Organic farming requires that every acre, every animal, play a vital role and live up to its potential in order for the entire operation to profit. Your investment of time and financial … Read More
Why Choose Silage-Specific Corn Seed When purchasing corn seed intended for silage as part of a livestock ration, producers should choose silage-specific corn hybrids. They are most likely to provide the ideal characteristics: Strong agronomics High total plant yield … Read More
Choosing The Right Corn Seed For Your Acres Choosing the right corn seed for each field on your farm is one of the most important decisions you will make, as it impacts upfront costs, yield potential, additional input costs and … Read More
Did you know Glufosinate can’t be tank mixed with Dicamba? This article does a nice job of providing a simple view of Enlist® vs Dicamba® weed control systems. Enlist E3® soybeans and Enlist® cotton provide tolerance to 2,4-D choline, glyphosate … Read More
How to Identify a Palmer Amaranth Seedling By Emily Unglesbee, DTN Staff Reporter ROCKVILLE, Md. (DTN) — We’ve all seen them — the startling pictures of giant Palmer amaranth plants towering over soybean fields, with their long, spiky seed heads … Read More
Emily Unglesbee The search for tar spot disease-management strategies continues. Corn leaves that look as though they’ve traveled down a freshly oiled country road may be exhibiting a disease called tar spot. Tar spot on corn may have arrived in … Read More
Please see the attached PDF for information on Tar Spot symptoms and management. Tar spot in cornRead More
Agronomic Spotlight by Monsanto Occasionally there will be a season when corn sporadically develops colored kernels on ears. There are several possible non-disease causes for colored kernels. The affected kernels should not influence grain grading if the embryo remains undamaged. … Read More
Color Family Name Appearance/Occurrence Consequence Toxin White Geotrichum spp. Powdery white, as on the outside of Camembert cheese Depressed intake No Rhizopus spp. Appearance similar to mucor None No Byssochlamys nivea Fluffy, powdery white Poor rumen functions, gastric paralysis, death … Read More
Soil pH 6.2-6.5 125 Bu. Per Acre Actual Nitrogen (“N”) 187 Lbs Phosphorus P2O5 40-50 Lbs Potash K2O 30-40 Lbs 150 Bu. Per Acre Actual Nitrogen (“N”) 225 Lbs Phosphorus P2O5 45-55 Lbs Potash K2O 35-45 Lbs 175 Bu. Per … Read More
The Value of RFS Hybrids The purpose of RFS hybrids is to supply hybrids that have valuable nutritional characteristics, high yields and give our customers an economic advantage to produce them. To meet our Slect-Bred criteria, they must have: • A high … Read More
Ruminant Friendly Silage (RFS) Kussmaul Seeds’ goal is to continue developing hybrids that benefit producers. Corn silage is becoming the feed that dairy and beef producers are relying on to meet the nutritional needs of their animals. Ruminant Friendly Silage (RFS) hybrids … Read More
Leafy, The Right Choice for Silage Production Our Schlessman RFS leafy hybrids have been selected for their superior performance. Yield is high. Stress tolerance is high. Fiber is more digestible than grain hybrids. Kernels are less vitreous, more floury than dual purpose or … Read More
No Processor? Have to Feed Shortly After Harvest? Time to Rethink Your Corn Silage Variety Selection Corn silage is the premier high energy feed on most dairy farms. In corn silage, 55 – 60% is true forage and so fiber … Read More
How to Properly Sample Silage Sampling During Harvesting Collect three to five handfuls of chopped forage from the middle of a load during unloading, place in a plastic bag, and refrigerate immediately. Follow the same procedure for several loads throughout the day. Combine … Read More
The Power of the Kernel: Maximizing the Nutritional Value Corey Catt Forage Products Manager Latham Hi-Tech Seeds There are endless ways for dairy producers to increase efficiency and boost the bottom line. Technology advancements such as robotic milking systems and … Read More
Theoretical Length of Cut: Theory and Practice Dan Wiersma for Progressive Forage Grower Livestock Information Manager DuPont Pioneer Corn silage season is here, and one harvest-time adjustment growers must make is the length of cut, or particle size. Most dairy producers … Read More
What’s Eating My Beans? 3 Pod-Feeding Insects That Impact Midwest Soybean Yields Insect infestations can quickly turn a great soybean field into one that struggles to yield. Some insects target not only the leaves, but also damage the pods themselves, … Read More
Proper Storage and Management is Vital Attention to quality management helps farmers get the most out of their soybeans whether they are bound for long-term storage or a voyage to overseas markets. Some soybeans are marketed right off the combine… … Read More
Preventing Seed Deposits Has Long-Term Payback Keeping weeds under control has immediate returns as competition can reduce soybean yields. There are also long-term ramifications if weeds go to seed… Click here to read the full story.Read More
By Gene Johnston 7/5/2018 Take a look at the pictures on this page. If the soybean leaf damage wasn’t labeled, could you guess the percentage of total leaf material that has been defoliated by insects and worms? John Obermeyer, Purdue … Read More
March 28, 2018 By Ula Chrobak Ragweed, its pollen potent to allergy sufferers, might be more than a source of sneezes. In the Midwest, the plant may pose a threat to soybean production. Scientists have found that ragweed can drastically … Read More
When Is It Time For a New Alfalfa Stand? You don’t have to plant your winter hardy alfalfa fields every year as you do with corn and soybeans. However, if you want consistently high yields for your own feeding needs … Read More
Cliff Watrin for Progressive Forage Published on 27 February 2019 Debates about uncoated, light-coated (9 percent) and heavy-coated (34 percent) alfalfa seed are common among seed sellers and farmers. The skeptics argue there is less seed in a bag of … Read More
Pat Hoffman, Vita Plus Posted on July 24th, 2018 in Forage Foundations By Pat Hoffman, Vita Plus dairy technical specialist The chopper is in the shed, the new alfalfa silage has fermented for a month and the first sample results … Read More
Guidelines for Profitable Alfalfa Production Field Preparation and Timing • Test soil and apply corrective ag lime, N, P2O5, K2O and micronutrients. A proper pH is the single most important fertility factor for establishing and maintaining high yielding, productive alfalfa … Read More
What causes alfalfa winterkill? By Doo-Hong Min and Richard Leep Weather can be a real challenge, especially to alfalfa in the winter months. In order to reduce the risk of alfalfa winterkill, it is important to know what role factors … Read More
How to Properly Sample Hay Use a good probe – The hay probe should have an internal diameter of 3/8 to 5/8 inch. The cutting edge should be at right angles to the shaft, and kept sharp. Dull probes will … Read More
Heaving in Alfalfa Fields Dan Undersander University of Wisconsin Heaving is a problem in some alfalfa stands each year in the Midwest. Heaving occurs on heavy soils that have high moisture contents. Repeated freezing and thawing causes soil expansion and … Read More
Why Every Alfalfa Seed is Different Cindy Zimmerman, Pioneer Forage Forum In this Forage Forum article, Pioneer alfalfa research director, Dave Miller, discusses how the genetics of alfalfa varieties are different than the other major crops and how they are … Read More
Apex Seed Coating • Uniform Stands • Improved Seedling Emergence and Survival • High Concentration of Rhizobia Bacteria Ensures Nodulation • Potential for Highest Yields What is Apex Seed Coating? Apex is a package of benefits in the form of … Read More
Frosted Alfalfa Alfalfa has started growing extraordinarily early this year. The amount of spring growth is unusual when we are still having some freezing nights and has caused many management questions among farmers. Alfalfa is tolerant of cold temperatures. To … Read More
Make the Most of Your Forage In Drought Years Though late June and early July rains have eased 2021 conditions in much of the central Corn Belt, farmers in the Upper Midwest—including much of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa and Michigan—some are … Read More
Innovation added to a pallet friendly forage equals a win win for dairy farms. Feeding green grass to dairy cows is nothing new. This article from Progressive Forage by Heather Smith Thomas highlights some recent innovations that make this practice … Read More
Species Type Mono-Culture Seeding Rate lbs/acre Soil Conditions Best Use Yield Winter hardness Persistence AC Saltlander Perennial 12 Saline Soils Hay 3 5 4 Annual Ryegrass Annual 25 Fertile Soils Quick Establishment 4 0 5 (Garrison) Creeping Foxtail Perennial 5 … Read More
Click the link to view the Cover Drop Reference Guide.Read More
Click the link to view the Native Warm Season Grasses Guide.Read More
Click the link to view the Native Cool Seasons Grasses Guide.Read More
Species Type Mono-Culture Seeding Rate lbs/acre Best Use& Qualities Bloat Potential Yield Winter Hardiness Persistence Aslike Clover P 8 Poorly drained soil B 3 3 3 Birdsfoot Trefoil P 6 Grass Mixes, Wet soils N 2 5 5 Chicory P … Read More
Species Best use Features Benefits Seeding Rate Per Acre Seeding Depth Cereal Rye Haylage Spring Grazing Ground Cover Fastest growth Best winter hardiness Quick germination Quick cover, quick harvest Reliable growth Works well broadcasted 1-2 bu 1 1/2″ Winter Triticale … Read More
Premium Grade Best use Seeding Rate Per Acre Seed Depth Dry Matter Yield Potential Quality Maturity Features Oats Hay 2..5-3 Bu. (80-100 lbs) 1.5″-2″ 3-5 tons/acre Average Medium Easily established, reliable hay source Spring Triticale 100 lbs 1.5″-2 3-5 tons/acre … Read More
Premium Grade Best use Seeding Rate Per Acre Seed Depth Dry Matter Yield Potential Quality Maturity Features German Millet Hay 20-25 lbs 1/2″ 2-4 tons/acre Average Early Leafy, reliable hay millet Japanese Millet 20-25 lbs 1/2″ 3-5 tons/acre Average Medium … Read More
Benefits of Growing Wheat Although typically grown as a cash grain, winter wheat can provide most of the cover crop benefits of other cereal crops as well as a grazing option prior to spring tiller elongations. Its less likely than … Read More
Consider Wheat in Your Rotation Considering wheat in your rotation can offer added benefits to your operation and your bottom line. Depending on your needs, your location, if you use straw or grain to enhance your operation, there is a … Read More